Revision of Getting Started from 2008, July 20 - 08:32

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This page will guide you through a typical, one size fits all, installation of MinGW. If you are new to MinGW, this is a perfect place to learn which packages are required, and which tools are used to perform which tasks.

Contents of MinGW Packages

gcc: A native port of the GNU gcc compiler. This is the application which parses source files, translating them to linkable object code. Note that the gcc package set is subdivided into a core package, which provides only a C compiler, with additional supplementary packages for additional programming languages. You must get at least the core package; if you also wish to add any supplementary languages, please ensure that you get the appropriate packages, with the same version number as the core package.
binutils: A native port of the GNU binutils. Amongst other tools, this package contains the assembler and linker, which will transform the output of the compiler into a binary executable. You must install this package, together with gcc, to obtain a correctly functioning compiler suite.
w32api: Header files and import libraries for the Microsoft Windows operating system; this provides the Application Programming Interface (API) required to access the essential operating system service functions, which are required by any working native Windows application. You must install this package, together with gcc, to obtain a correctly functioning compiler suite.
mingw-runtime: Header files and import libraries for the default C runtime library, (also known as msvcrt), which is required by MinGW compiled programs running on the Microsoft Windows operating system. You must install this package, together with gcc, to obtain a correctly functioning compiler suite.
mingw32-make: A native port of GNU make. This application parses makefiles to create a project by following the rules expressed in the makefile.

MinGW Installation Notes

MinGW may have problems with paths containing spaces, and if not, usually other programs used with MinGW will experience problems with such paths. Thus, we recommend that you do not install MinGW in any location with spaces in the path name reference; i.e. you should avoid installing into any subdirectory of "Program Files" or "My Documents", or the like.

No version numbering convention exists, for MinGW as a whole. Each package has its own version number, and the installer version number does not necessarily reflect the version number of any individual package which it installs.

Automated Installer

Download the latest MinGW-5.x.x.exe installer from sourceforge.net and run the installer. When prompted to choose which package you wish, if unsure or if you have never used MinGW before, we recommend choosing the "current" package (the default option). You will then be able to choose which components you wish to install:

MinGW base tools: This required component is composed of binutils, the C compiler, the runtime and platform API.
... compiler: This component install a compiler for the programming language specified in the label of the component. Usually, you will at least want to also install the C++ compiler.
MinGW make: This component installs make, a program capable of interpreting Makefiles. This component is highly recommended as many IDE's require this functionality.

When choosing the "Destination Folder" for the installation, please consider not installing MinGW in a path that contains spaces unless you have read the installation notes above and are aware of possible problems.

The installer will then download and install the components selected.

Re: Getting Started

yes

Re: Getting Started

I was trying to install the mingw in the order of files that is above (binutils, mingw-runtime, w32api...) and when I was trying to install the gcc core, appeared a message asking me about overwrite a file called "libiberty" (I don't remember in this moment the extension). What libiberty is the correct to leave, the first or the libiberty that is in the gcc core?

Re: Getting Started

earnie's picture

It doesn't matter which one you keep. The libiberty.a file is an artifact of both binutils and gcc with the unfortunate side affect of the file being installed with the ``make install command which is the real error here. The two packages should never install the file but the way the iberty library is packaged within both with a separate ``make install' command allows this to happen. The iberty library is packaged with each because of both the GPL and the GNU Coding Standard.

MinGW 5.1.6 Error: mismatched long filename

1)---------------download------------------

MinGW-5.1.6.exe, binutils-2.20-1-mingw32-bin.tar.gz, mingwrt-3.16-mingw32-dev.tar.gz, mingwrt-3.16-mingw32-dll.tar.gz, w32api-3.14-mingw32-dev.tar.gz, make-3.81-20090914-mingw32-bin.tar.gz from sourceforge.net, and

gcc-core-4.4.2.tar.gz, gcc-g++-4.4.2.tar.gz, gcc-fortran-4.4.2.tar.gz, gcc-ada-4.4.2.tar.gz, gcc-java-4.4.2.tar.gz, gcc-objc-4.4.2.tar.gz from gcc.gnu.org mirror ftp

2)-----------modify mingw.ini like this:-------------

[mingw]

Build=12

URL=file://e:\network\download\mingw

Filename=MinGW-5.1.6.exe

packages=previous|current|candidate

[current]

runtime=mingwrt-3.16-mingw32-dev.tar.gz|7616

runtimeDLL=mingwrt-3.16-mingw32-dll.tar.gz|40

w32api=w32api-3.14-mingw32-dev.tar.gz|14420

binutils=binutils-2.20-1-mingw32-bin.tar.gz|26979

core=gcc-core-4.4.2.tar.gz|7712

gpp=gcc-g++-4.4.2.tar.gz|15480

g77=gcc-fortran-4.4.2.tar.gz|5272

ada=gcc-ada-4.4.2.tar.gz|33860

java=gcc-java-4.4.2.tar.gz|43160

objc=gcc-objc-4.4.2.tar.gz|3720

make=make-3.81-20090914-mingw32-bin.tar.gz|723

3)-----------------------install mingw 5.1.6---------------------------

disconnect->run mingw.exe->"download and install"->"current"->"full"->c:\mingw

it start correctly but, there's always an error message while extracting gcc-g++-4.4.2.tar.gz :

Writing gcc-4.4.2/libstdc++-v3/testsuite/26_numerics/adjacent_difference/1.cc

tgz_extract: mismatched long filename

Error: Failure reading from tarball.

my OS: windowsxp sp3

file system: ntfs

Re: MinGW 5.1.6 Error: mismatched long filename

keith's picture

Please read the article again.

You cannot use MinGW-5.1.6.exe to install any version of GCC later than 3.4.5. Neither can you gerrymander it, to build from sources downloaded from any repository other than our own SF distribution; it requires the pre-built binary package files, which we provide.

What you are trying to do is both unsupported and impossible, with the deprecated installer package you are trying to use.

Re: Getting Started

I notice that someone has very helpfully updated this page according to information from the "release notes". Could someone add a link to the release notes on this page? That would also be very helpful. Also, does one need to install both the "bin" and "dll" versions of the packages, or just one of them? In either case, it would be very helpful to disambiguate the commas to either "and" or "or", or if punctuation is preferred, "&" or "/". Thanks!

Re: Getting Started

The release note for MinGW GCC 4.4.0 can be found here.

http://sourceforge.net/project/shownotes.php?release_id=691876

Re: Getting Started

After reading all the comments so I could complete the installation, thanks!

Re: Getting Started

very use full article thanks alot and thats so nice

Re: Getting Started

Hello,

This may be a trivial problem but in spite of updating the path variable (c:\MinGW\bin), gcc/g77/etc. does not work from command line. It works fine in the c:\MinGW\bin directory as well as on my other computer. I am not sure what the problem could be. Any suggestions?

With kind regards,
Pawel

Re: Getting Started

Pawel,

I just installed and had exactly the same problem.
It's not that obvious, you need to set the mount
point of the MinGW directory in the Msys environment.

as a start, just try coping /etc/fstab.sample to /etc/fstab and
restarting the msys..

cheers

Mike

Re: Getting Started

Hi guys.

Will mingw work on future versions of windows?

I'm upgrading to Vista in a short time and i want to know how much 'upgrading' will make me suffer.

My guess is that you guys at Mingw should develop a new version for Vista?

Or is it just the same? What about the Win32 Api? There are surely additions with newer versions of windows.

Thanks.

---
mago

Re: Getting Started

keith's picture

I find it really insulting, when someone says "you guys should...".

This is an Open Source project, developed by volunteers in their spare time. You have no right to tell me what I should, or should not do with my spare time. Why should I, rather than you do that?

AFAIK, MinGW already does work with Vista, but why don't you just try it, and see; then contribute on the basis of your experience, either in the form of patches, or failing that, bug reports?

Re: Getting Started

Please include the gdb package in the automatic installer.

I need advice on how to install gdb manually. I have two download files:

gdb-6.8-mingw-3-patch

gdb-6.8-mingw-3.tar.gz2

I plan to use the .tar.gz2 download for the installation and your instructions for that seem clear enough. Is the patch file required for this installation? That is, do I need to apply the patch file to the extracted content from the .tar.gz2 archive or is the patch file only used with the src download?

Thanks!

Re: Getting Started

keith's picture

GDB is an entirely separate product from GCC. It is not a prerequisite for running GCC, as are the majority of other packages which are installed by MinGW-5.x, and hence it is not imperative that MinGW-5.x should install it. However, the same argument for exclusion could be applied, in the case of mingw32-make, which is included; conversely, the inclusion of mingw32-make sets a precedent for the possible inclusion of GDB. Ultimately, the decision on that is down to the package maintainer; since MinGW-5.x is currently unmaintained, don't expect it to happen any time soon.

mingw-get, when it eventually becomes available, will install any package -- and optionally all of them -- which is distributed by the MinGW Project.

I'm confused by your reference to gdb-6.8-mingw-3.tar.gz2, for there is no such thing as gz2 compression; it is either bz2 or gz. In this case, I assume you mean the binary release file gdb-6.8-mingw-3.tar.bz2, rather than the source tarball, gdb-6.8-mingw-3-src.tar.gz.

The gdb-6.8-mingw-3-patch file, to which you refer, (and by which I assume you mean gdb-6.8-mingw-3.patch), details the source code changes to mainline gdb-6.8 sources, which were applied to achieve this gdb-6.8-mingw-3 release candidate, (which strictly, should be called gdb-6.8-mingw32-3). They are of interest only to those integrating mingw32 support into mainline GDB; you do not need them, if your only interest is in deployment of gdb-6.8-mingw-3.tar.bz2. (It isn't immediately obvious if these patches have already been incorporated into the local sources, gdb-6.8-mingw-3-src.tar.gz -- I am not the maintainer of this package -- but the naming convention would suggest that they have).

Re: Getting Started

I agree it would be convenient to include gdb. how many programmers are there who want to install a compiler and don't want to also install the debugger?

at the least, it would be useful to just outline the basic steps to install gdb. I downloaded the same files as darrenleeweber and had the same questions-- minGW's default installation (at least with g++ alone) does not include bzip2, nor are there any instructions on how to install these packages. here's what I did after downloading the binary gdb distro. I haven't used gsb before so I can't guarantee this approach works properly, but fyi:
1. download the bzip2 executable from http://www.bzip.org/downloads.html, rename to "bzip.exe" and put in a path folder (e.g. c:\minGW\bin). in the following, I assume you use c:\minGW as the base minGW folder
2. if you don't have it, install winzip or 7-zip
3. unpack the tarball: C:\MinGW> bzip2 -d C:\MinGW\gdb-6.8-mingw-3.tar.bz2
4. using winzip or 7-zip, unpack the resulting gdb-6.8-mingw-3.tar file to folder "gdb-6.8-mingw-3". I did not try to, and do not recommend you try to, extract into the current directory, since it could overwrite some of your shared libs etc that are being used for the rest of your minGW platform.
5. copy gdb.exe into C:\MinGW\bin. one possible problem with this is that gdb.exe might not be consistent with the versions of libs and other shared files in the minGW platform you have installed. It seemed to work for me using minGW 4.4.

Re: Getting Started

Keith, g++ link worked. Thanks for your time.

Re: Getting Started

It would be nice if the automated installer gets updated and restructured a little bit... I know, there is no time, but the installation process could be a little easier. It would be great if one could choose a major version instead of previous, current, candidate.... I mean candidate what? Then the mingw project has a lot of extra utilities that could be bundled with the download as well, like gdb or msys! yes very nice utilities! It would break the confusion between all the different download packages one has at sourceforge, since there is no real documentation about what belongs to what and which package is stable.

Re: Getting Started

keith's picture

What you describe is very much what we hope to provide, with the `mingw-get' package currently under development; however, there is currently no forecast as to when this may become available.

Re: Getting Started

which environment is used to let GCC find the include and library in? There are 2 reasons I do this:

1. I do not like to install some c-lib to my MINGW directory, because I don't use it frequently. I can delete them easily - is there any other method do something like "make uninstall"?

2. I do like to install 3rd-part lib into /local, which is h:\mingw\msys\local, to make my MINGW clean and small

and on windows, I have tried 2 types(let's think "lib" is used to search libaray files)

[code, which is added in a batch file ]

set lib=h:\mingw\msys\local\lib;%lib%

set include=h:\mingw\msys\local\include;%include%

[/code]

or

[code, which is added into profile or typed in msys]

set LIB=/h/mingw/msys/local/lib:$LIB

set INCLUDE=/h/mingw/msys/local/include:$INCLUDE

[/code]

but none works. I have always to add

[code]

-I/h/mingw/msys/local/include -L/h/mingw/msys/local/lib

[/code]

to the gcc command-line by hand. That make me tired.

So is there any hints to set the environment automatically everytime to save my time?

thanx

Re: Getting Started

keith's picture

See IncludePathHOWTO and SpecsFileHOWTO, (and do heed my comment following the latter).

Re: Getting Started

The G++ download is dead...

Re: Getting Started

The gcc-g++ download link works OK for me.

Re: Getting Started

SourceForge self-extractor:

  • Extracting gcc-g++-3.4.5-20060117-3.tar.gz
  • untgz::extract -d 'C:\add\MinGW' -z 'C:\add\gcc-g++-3.4.5-20060117-3.tar.gz'
  • tgz_extract: bad header checksum
  • Error: Failure reading from tarball.

Re: Getting Started

I had the same problem.

Manually downloading the file made the install successful.

Re: Getting Started, gcc-g++...tar.gz

I have the same problem, the gcc-g++-3.4.5-20060117-3.tar.gz does not install
I cannot open it like the other files with winzip

Re: Getting Started, gcc-g++...tar.gz

SourceF@#$e is acting up. It looks like its sending people to this URL to download the g++:

http://.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/mingw/gcc-g++-3.4.5-20060117-3.tar.gz

Just take the leading dot out and drop it in the same dir as your MinGW install and you should be good to go.

http://dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/mingw/gcc-g++-3.4.5-20060117-3.tar.gz

Re: Getting Started, gcc-g++...tar.gz

Since the mirror is missing in the link for gcc-g++-3.4.5-20060117-3.tar.gz, entering the following worked for me:
http://sourceforge.net/project/downloading.php?group_id=2435&use_mirror=superb-west&filename=gcc-g%2B%2B-3.4.5-20060117-3.tar.gz&a=49476444
I just put the user_mirror=superb-west (which I noticed for other packages).

Re: Getting Started, gcc-g++...tar.gz

keith's picture

That doesn't work, for me -- it just jumps to the top level `files' page.

The correct format for the direct link is actually:

http://<your-favourite-mirror>.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/mingw/gcc-g++-3.4.5-20060117-3.tar.gz

If you don't have a favourite mirror, or you don't know its name, please choose one from the list here, (or use `osdn', for SourceForge's master repository, which might help to annoy them into fixing their bug a bit quicker).

Re: Getting Started, gcc-g++...tar.gz

Those links work perfect for me, I have downloaded and uncompressed the files succesfully,

Thanks

Re: Getting Started, gcc-g++...tar.gz

Hí,

I can´t download the g++ files. Link broken.

What can I do?

Re: Getting Started, gcc-g++...tar.gz

keith's picture

Duh? What about reading the comments above, which tell you exactly that?

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